What Health Problems Do French Bulldogs Have

French bulldogs are adorable and loyal dogs, but they also have some health problems that you need to be aware of and prepared for. Due to their unique body shape and facial structure, they are prone to some diseases and disorders that can affect their quality of life. That’s why you need to know what health problems do French bulldogs have and how to prevent and treat them.

In this article, I’ll guide you through the prevalent health issues that can impact French Bulldogs. You’ll gain insights into their causes, identify symptoms to watch for and explore available treatments. Additionally, I’ll provide tips on maintaining your Frenchie’s well-being and ensuring a happy and healthy life. By following these tips, you’ll be able to provide your Frenchie with the best care and support. Let’s get started!

Common Health Concerns in French Bulldogs:

As much as we adore French Bulldogs for their charming personalities and adorable looks, it’s essential to be aware of some common health issues they may face. By being proactive in identifying and addressing these issues, we can ensure that our beloved furry companions enjoy happy and healthy lives.

1. Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome (BAS)

One of the most prominent health issues in French Bulldogs is Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome. Their flat faces, short noses, and narrow airways can lead to respiratory difficulties, especially during physical activity or in warm weather. Conditions like stenotic nares (narrow nostrils), an elongated soft palate, and a collapsed larynx can hinder airflow. In severe cases, surgical intervention might be necessary to improve breathing.

2. Hip Dysplasia

Similar to numerous dog breeds, French Bulldogs are prone to hip dysplasia. This orthopedic problem arises when the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, resulting in joint instability and deterioration as time passes. Genetics, rapid growth, and excessive weight can all play a role in this condition. To manage hip dysplasia, it’s crucial to maintain a healthy weight, engage in regular exercise, and provide joint supplements.

3. Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD)

IVDD (Intervertebral Disc Disease) impacts the spinal discs and can lead to pain, nerve damage, and potential paralysis if a disc ruptures or herniates. French Bulldogs, especially those with longer backs, may be more prone to this condition. Symptoms include back pain, reluctance to move, and hind leg weakness. Seeking immediate veterinary attention is crucial if IVDD is suspected.

4. Skin Problems

The adorable skin and tail folds in French Bulldogs create a warm and moist environment that makes them prone to skin infections. Regularly cleaning these folds can help prevent such infections.

Furthermore, French Bulldogs have a genetic tendency towards allergies, commonly resulting in skin problems that affect areas such as the paws, belly, skin folds, and ears. Signs of allergies include excessive licking, scratching, redness, rashes, hot spots, hair loss, red bumps, and acne.

Diagnosing specific food or environmental allergens can be challenging and time-consuming, and it may incur significant costs. Moreover, many French Bulldogs suffer from multiple allergies, making diagnosis and treatment even more complex and expensive.

5. Eye Issues

Cherry eye, where the gland in the third eyelid becomes inflamed and protrudes, is a common eye problem in French Bulldogs. Corneal ulcers and progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) are also concerns. Regular veterinary eye checks are essential to catch and treat these issues early.

6. Ear Infections

French Bulldogs have unique ear anatomy, with narrower ear canals than average, making it challenging for debris and moisture to escape once it enters the ear canal. This condition creates a favorable environment for infections to take hold.

While ear infections can generally be treated, chronic cases can lead to changes in the ear canal’s lining, causing further narrowing and increasing the likelihood of recurrent infections.

Moreover, chronic ear infections can make dogs more susceptible to middle and inner ear infections, which occur behind the eardrum. These deeper infections can result in neurologic symptoms like head tilt or balance issues, impacting the dog’s overall well-being.

7. Heatstroke

Unlike humans, who cool down by sweating, dogs regulate their body temperature through panting. However, BOAS can hinder efficient panting in French Bulldogs, making it challenging for them to stay cool. As a result, Frenchies are more susceptible to heatstroke, and it’s crucial to keep them indoors on extremely hot or humid days.

If you take your Frenchie outside, opt for cooler times like mornings or evenings. Always provide them with access to shade and water when they’re outdoors.

8. Allergic Dermatitis

Besides skin allergies, French Bulldogs can suffer from allergic dermatitis caused by environmental allergens like pollen, mold, or dust mites. Itchy skin, redness, skin infections, and hot spots are common symptoms. Identifying and avoiding triggers, along with veterinary guidance and potential allergy testing, can help manage this condition.

9. Gastrointestinal Issues

French Bulldogs may have sensitive stomachs and be prone to gastrointestinal problems like flatulence, vomiting, or diarrhea. Providing a balanced and easily digestible diet, avoiding sudden dietary changes, and feeding smaller, frequent meals can aid digestion.

10. Brachycephalic Obstructive Airway Syndrome (BOAS)

The term “brachycephalic,” which means short-headed, is used to describe flat-faced breeds like French Bulldogs, Pugs, English Bulldogs, and Pekingese. These breeds were intentionally created through selective breeding for shorter heads, but inadvertently, traits like narrow nostrils and a small windpipe were also passed on, causing breathing difficulties known as brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS).

Although surgical correction is possible for some of the problematic anatomical features, it requires the expertise of a surgical specialist and comes with certain risks. If you have a French Bulldog, consult your veterinarian to assess whether your pet would benefit from such procedures.

11. Patellar Luxation

Patellar luxation is a condition in which the kneecap (patella) dislocates from its usual position, causing lameness and difficulty in walking. Small-sized and toy breeds like French Bulldogs may be prone to this issue. For mild cases, conservative management and weight control might be enough, while severe cases may necessitate surgical intervention.

12. Cardiac Issues

Certain heart conditions, including mitral valve disease and dilated cardiomyopathy, can affect French Bulldogs. Regular cardiac examinations by a veterinarian can help monitor heart health and detect any abnormalities early on.

13. Von Willebrand Disease

This is an inherited blood clotting disorder that can lead to excessive bleeding, particularly during injuries or surgeries. Genetic testing can determine if a Frenchie carries this condition.

14. Birthing Issues

Due to their breeding, French Bulldogs usually need to undergo a cesarean section (C-section) for giving birth. Their intentionally large heads and narrow hips can make natural birth difficult and risky for both the mother and the puppies. C-sections are necessary to ensure a safe delivery for both the Frenchie mom and her adorable offspring.

15. Back Injuries

Some French Bulldog puppies are born with a spinal deformity called hemivertebra or incomplete vertebra. Although this deformity may not always cause issues, it can lead to compression of the spinal cord, which may result in weakness in the hind legs, as well as fecal and urinary incontinence.

In cases where spinal cord compression occurs, advanced imaging techniques like myelography, CT scans, or MRIs are typically used for diagnosis. Mild instances of spinal cord compression may be managed with medical treatment, while more severe cases might necessitate surgical intervention.

16. Higher Risk with Anesthesia

French Bulldogs’ breathing difficulties are closely associated with an elevated risk during anesthesia. Due to their narrower trachea and congenital airway abnormalities, inserting an endotracheal tube, which is vital for facilitating breathing during anesthesia, can be challenging for French Bulldogs.

Recovery from anesthesia can also pose risks. If the endotracheal tube is removed too early, Frenchies may not be fully awake to cope with their airway issues, leading to respiratory distress and the need for re-intubation. Additionally, their small airways are more prone to inflammation after anesthesia, further increasing the risk of respiratory distress.

Note: Being aware of these potential health issues and seeking prompt veterinary care and attention when needed can help ensure that our adorable French Bulldogs lead happy, healthy lives filled with love and care.

Tips for Maintaining Your Frenchie’s Health:

Maintaining your beloved Frenchie’s health is an essential aspect of responsible pet ownership, ensuring they lead a happy and fulfilling life. With their adorable personalities and unique charm, French Bulldogs truly become cherished members of our families. Here are some valuable tips to keep your Frenchie in the best possible shape:

  1. A Balanced Diet: Provide your Frenchie with a nutritious and well-balanced diet tailored to their age, activity level, and specific health needs. Consult with your veterinarian to determine the most suitable dog food and avoid harmful human foods that can be toxic to dogs.
  2. Weight Watch: Frenchies have a tendency to put on weight, which can exacerbate certain health problems. Monitor their weight closely and avoid overfeeding. Regular exercise is essential for maintaining a healthy weight.
  3. Regular Exercise: While they aren’t the most energetic dogs, French Bulldogs still need regular exercise to stay physically and mentally fit. Engage them in moderate activities like short walks, playtime, and stimulating games.
  4. Veterinary Check-ups: Make sure to schedule regular visits to the vet for wellness exams, vaccinations, and preventive care. Early detection of health issues is crucial for effective treatment.
  5. Dental Care: Dental health significantly impacts your Frenchie’s overall well-being. Brush their teeth regularly, and offer dental treats and toys to support oral hygiene.
  6. Grooming: Regular grooming is essential to maintain the health of their coat and skin. Remember to brush their fur regularly to remove loose hair, clean their ears gently, and trim their nails as needed.
  7. Safe Environment: Ensure that your home is a safe environment for your Frenchie by eliminating any potential hazards. Also, don’t forget to provide them with fresh water and a cozy resting spot.
  8. Temperature Awareness: French Bulldogs are sensitive to extreme temperatures, especially heat. Prevent them from being exposed to hot weather for extended periods, and offer a cool, shaded space for resting.
  9. Socialization and Training: Starting proper socialization and positive reinforcement-based training early on will help develop a well-adjusted and confident Frenchie.
  10. Stress Management: Minimize stress in their life by maintaining a consistent routine and showering them with love, attention, and mental stimulation.

By adhering to these tips and showering your Frenchie with love, care, and attention, you’ll guarantee that they enjoy a happy, healthy, and fulfilling life by your side. Embrace the joy and companionship your Frenchie brings, and cherish every precious moment you spend together.


In conclusion, while French Bulldogs make wonderful pets, it’s important to be aware of the health issues they may face. Their short-nosed structure can lead to breathing and heat-related problems known as brachycephalic syndrome. Additionally, skin allergies, hip dysplasia, and various eye conditions like cherry eye and cataracts are common concerns for this breed. Being knowledgeable about these potential health problems enables owners and breeders to take necessary precautions and seek prompt veterinary care when necessary. Regular vet check-ups, a balanced diet, and a safe environment are key factors in ensuring the well-being and longevity of these adorable dogs. By understanding and addressing their unique health needs, you can provide the best care for your cherished French Bulldog and ensure they lead a happy and healthy life.